Today we have brought a very special article for all the backyard farmers. You’d have tried growing tomatoes, Chilli or pumpkins in your backyard, but ever though about growing Cardamom ? Sounds daunting, doesn’t it !
Growing plants brings within us an essence of mother nature. So we decided to help you connect with the great mother (and save your pocket from a large dip when purchasing Cardamom !)
The little spice also known as ‘ELAICHI’ is third most expensive spice after Vanilla and Saffron. It is among the most desired of the spices in the entire spice market and among the spice suppliers and spice manufacturers in India.
It is one of the oldest spice and has a strong, pungent taste, with intense aroma and coolness quite similar to mint. This little spice is used in many food items and even in drinks due to its rich taste and coolness.
India produces maximum cardamom and most cardamom manufacturers in India are from southern states like Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu. These states possess a perfect climate for growing cardamom.
Ever wondered how much does the cultivation of green cardamom cost to the farmers ?
So what if we can grow this little spice at home, in the soil of our on backyard ? We can smell the aroma the whole time from the backyard, get fresh cardamom whenever we like !
But slow your horses – It takes time (2-3 Years) and efforts to grow an exotic, most sought spice across the world, to glitter in our backyards !
So let’s dig the soil and get ready to grow some Elaichi !
What we need :
- Cardamom seeds
- Small Container
- Watering Can
- Organic Fertilizer with high phosphorus
- Coco Peat/ Potting Soil
- Large Container (for later use)
Take a glass of water and add Cardamom seeds in that. Leave it for 24 hours.
Get some Cardamom and remove seeds from inside carefully so that none of the seeds get damaged or worn out.
Now you will notice the seeds will be soaked properly in water.
Take a small container and add some soil and sand in it. After forming a layer of soil and sand sprinkle some water on it and create a layer of coco peat on it.
Again sprinkle some water and spread the soaked seeds on the layer of coco peat gently. After laying the seeds sprinkle water again and cover the seeds with some more coco peat and water.
Make sure that the seeds are at least 1 cm deep then only they can be nourished properly.
Wait until the cardamom sprout few leaves. It will take approx 30-45 days.
Provide the plant proper amount of sunlight and water. Too much sunlight or water can damage the plant so take precautions regarding those.
Approximately after 90 days, the plant will be suitable to be transferred to a bigger container or you can sow the plant in your backyard directly.
Make sure you don’t place the plant in direct sunlight, it damages the plant. Instead, place the plant in partial shade where the soil is humid.
Get the plant and transfer it in a bigger space.
Add fertilizer twice every month to the plant so it remains nutrient-rich.
Now, wait until you start to reap what you sow – Don’t be impatient ! It shall take approximately 2-3 years of care, nurture, patience and faith to see the bright, gem like cardamom shining in the soil.
After 2-3 years you will observe the flowers bearing fruits. Pluck one and check whether it breaks easily or not. If the fruits break easily then it is ready to harvest.
Now dry them in direct sunlight and your homemade elaichi is ready. The plant will continue to grow regularly.
Growing Elaichi or Green Cardamom in our backyards is a matter of patience and continuous efforts. Cultivating Cardamom on a large scale is even more challenging , since there are no tools available for extracting Cardamom after it’s grown.
Spice manufacturers and suppliers of spices pay an awful lot of money to the farmers of Cardamom due to the involved labor and patience that they hold.