Origin of Green Cardamom
Botanically named as Elettaria Caradamomum Maton, cardamom is a dried ripe fruit of zingiberaceae family. It has a pleasant aroma and taste. Cultivated in Western Ghats of Southern India along with countries like Thailand, Papua & New Guinea, Laos and Vietnam.
Cardamom can only be cultivated in an area which has altitude of 600-1500 meter above sea level, which makes Western Ghats of Southern India an ideal topography for cultivation which also means spice manufacturers, traders and suppliers of India alongwith cardamom exporters can capitalise this benefit and push exports of cardamom around the world.
Varieties of Green Cardamom
The major varieties identified for green cardamom, also known as small cardamom, are as mentioned below:
There are certain high yielding varieties developed by Indian Institute of Spice Research. Following are the new varieties of Cardamom:
- Coorg Cardamom-1
Global Production of Green Cardamom:
The most common species produced is small cardamom which is by far best in quality. India leads the production of cardamom which is 38000 metric tonnes in 2016 followed by Guatemala which produced 35000 metric tonnes during the same period.
Total production of cardamom was 121,939 metric tonnes in 2016.
India, Guatemala and Indonesia produce, on an average, 1,04,514 of cardamom which accounts to 85.71% of world cardamom production. Individually India produced 31.11% of cardamom of the world followed by Guatemala 29.04% in the year 2016.
According to Goldstein Research global cardamom market is expected to grow at 87.21 billion USD by the end of 2024 at CAGR of 2.50% – This is a sufficient edge for all the spice manufacturers, spice suppliers, spice traders and cardamom suppliers around the world.
Production of Cardamom in India
India being a market leader in production of cardamom has produced large stock of cardamom ready to be exported around the world. However, most of the yield of green cardamom spice comes from particularly three states of Southern India i.e. Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.
|Total State Wise Production of Cardamom (in Metric Tonnes)|
Except 2018-19, there has been steady production of cardamom in all the three states which makes this crop as cash cow for spice exporters of India.
The reason for low productionof Cardamom in the year 2018-19 is due to heat and low rains in the country. You can read more about in from here.
Top exporters of green cardamom:
India is the biggest producer of cardamom and Guatemala is the biggest exporter of this spice around the world.
|Global Export of Cardamom in USD|
|Rank||Country||Export Value in 2018||Share in Export|
Export of Cardamom from India
India being third largest exporter of this exotic spice has gained much popularity as an exporter of green cardamom.
Before establishment of East India Company, India was the only country which exported the spices around the world.
Uses of Cardamom
Several spices manufacturers, spices suppliers and traders are more interested in selling cardamom to the places where it’s savor and taste is made the most use of.
Being among the most expensive spices in the world, Arabic countries are among the few countries who can afford the use of cardamom.
- Cardamom is a premium quality spice used during auspicious moments in Hindu culture and also in making some exotic dishes.
- It is used for the preparation of Gahwa, a strong cardamom coffee concoction which is a symbol of hospitality among Arabs.
- It is also used as seasoning in many of the dishes made in Asian Sub-Continent. In Scandinavian countries cardamom is used in bakery products and confectioneries.
- In Europe and North- America it used in curry and in some sausage products.
- It also possesses some medicinal value whose uses are mentioned in ancient scriptures of Indian Ayurveda. Cardamom Oil has also applications in perfume and manufacturing of alcohol.
Different names in India
- Hindi: Chhoti elaichi
- Bengali: Chhoti elachi
- Gujarati: Elaychi
- Kannada: Yelakki
- Malayalam: Elathari
- Tamil: Yelakkaai
- Marathi: Velchil
- Oriya: Alaichi
- Punjabi: Elaychi
Different names in the world
- Spain: Cardamomo
- France: Cardamome
- Germany: Kardamom
- Sweden: Kardemumma
- Middle East: Hal
- Netherlands: Kardemom
- Italy: Cardamomo
- Portugal: Cardamomo
- Russia: Kardamon
- Japan: Karudamon
- China: Pai-tou-k’ou
Medicinal Value of Green Cardamom
Cardamom posses great medicinal value and is used as a medicine in many chronic diseases. Following are the health benefits of cardamom:
- Blood Pressure
- May Contain Cancer Fighting Compound
- Protection from Chronic Diseases
- Solve Digestion Problems including Ulcers
- Prevents Cavity
- Treats Infections
- Improves breathing
- May Lower Blood Sugar Levels
- Liver Protection, Weight Loss and Protection from anxiety
Cardamom is known as “Queen of Spice” due to its rich taste and aroma.
Globally, demand of cardamom is increasing because of its multiple uses i.e. food and medicine.
Indian soil and topography gives an added advantage for spice manufacturers, spice producers and spice suppliers to venture towards large scale production of cardamom thus spice exporters can push the product intensively in the global market.
The policy of the government of export promotion combined with latest tools and resources, India can become a global leader in export of cardamom driven by some of the best spice exporters of the Country.