Red chilli is the fruit of plant genus Capsicum. It has several different names like hot pepper, chilli pepper, chile etc.
The element capsaicinoids are what gives heat or intensity to Red chilli and red chilli powder.
Red chilli originated in Northeastern Mexico around 6,000 years ago. After the Columbian Exchange, red chilli was spread across the world in the form of spice and medicine.
Cultivars of Chilli grown in Europe and North America eventually developed different colors of chilli such as yellow, blue, red and purple.
Varieties of red chilli
The hottest kitchen ingredient ‘chilli‘ has a lot of different forms and varieties. You can choose to purchase a variety depending upon it’s taste, intensity and color. Certain varieties of chilli are ‘hotter’, while other are more ‘redder’ or ‘milder’.
Red chillis are popularly grown across the 4 ends of India, including Rajasthan & Gujarat in the west, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh in the south, Kashmir in the north and Uttranchal in the east. The Rajasthani Laal Maas, the Kashmiri Josh, Southern India’s popular rasam and Goa’s famous Vindaloo are among the most loved varieties of red chilli in india. The North-eastern variety of red chilli are the hottest of all the available varieties in India.
Spices Board of India has segregated red chilli into 18 varieties including dhani, Nalchetti, Ramnad Mundu, Sangli Sannam, Sattur, Mundu, Tadappally, Byadagi (kaddi and daggi), Ellachipur Sannam, Guntur Sannam, Hindpur etc.
You can read more about Chilli and their varieties from here https://food.ndtv.com/food-drinks/many-shades-of-red-chillies-of-india-from-sizzling-sensations-to-mild-marvels-777479
Different uses of Red chilli
Red chilli is a popular ingredient in a wide range of dishes, specially Indian. Whole red chilli is grounded or crushed and consumed as powder called ‘red chilli powder’.
Red chilli is also widely used in making sauces, chutneys and added as a spice in various dishes.
Global Production and Statistics
The global production of Red chilli, according to mordorintelligence.com was 5.1 million metric tonnes in 2018. India was the largest producer of dry red chilli in the world, with the production of 2.1 million metric tonnes in 2017. Around 25% production as on today is contributed by India out of which, Andhra Pradesh commands almost 50% of the total production of red chilli in India.
Apart from India, China, Pakistan and Bangladesh are also among the major producers of red chilli in the world.
Global Demand of red chilli
The demand for red chilli has been in a constant uptrend since it began circulating in the world.
According to the statistics of 2016 provided by Mordorintelligence, the market of red chilli seems to be booming in Europe, China and Australia.
North America and Africa seem to demand comparatively lesser red chilli and its related products. However, the lowest demand for red chilli is recorded by Southern America and the frigid parts of Northern America.
Among the common varieties of chilli, Guntur Chillis are globally renowned for imports. These chillis are cultivated in Guntur district in Andhra Pradesh (India). Guntur red chillis are high in demand in countries like Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Middle East, South Korea, U.K. and USA & Latin America.
You can read more about Guntur’s red chilli from here https://medium.com/@plowexim/guntur-chillies-varieties-and-demand-in-global-market-cca0f644e096
Top Producers, suppliers and manufacturers of red chilli in India
The top countries producing countries in the world include India, China, Indonesia and Mexico.
Talking about India, chilli is found to be cultivated in several states. Andhra Pradesh is considered to be the hub producing maximum red chilli in India. Apart from Andhra Pradesh, other red chilli producing states include :
- Tamil Nadu
- Uttar Pradesh
- West Bengal
- Madhya Pradesh
We’ve also created a video showing the top spice producing states in India. You can have a look at the video from here.
Different Names in Different Cultures
Red chillis are known differently in different countries. There may arise conflict in understanding the actual meaning if we try to use our native identification of product. If you’re planning to export chilli or supply chilli to certain regions, you must always learn to communicate in their culture. Here, we’ve gathered a list of all the different names in which chilli is identified:
- Spanish : Pimenton
- French: Puvre de Guinee
- German : Paprika
- Arabic : Filfil Ahmar
- Dutch : Spaanse Peper
- Italian : Peperone
- Portuguese : Pimento
- Russian : Struchkovy pyeret
- Japanese : Togarashi
- Chinese : Hesiung Yali chiao
- British : Chillies(Hot) Pepper(Sweet)
If you’re planning to enter into the business of spices, as a supplier, manufacturer, exporter or wholesaler of red chilli, it’s a good time. The global demand for chilli is constantly rising. Red chilli is an essential and more importantly, an inevitable spice across all the culture.
The savour, spice and the ‘charge’ produced by consuming red chilli or red chilli powder makes it instantly tempting. Even though certain communities prefer eating less intense, sweeter dishes, Red chilli still remains the king of flavor.
You can dig out more details and information about red chilli from Indian Spices Board.
If you’re planning to get into the spices business, you need to constantly remain updated related to prices, market and trends of spices and herbs.